Matrix Chapter-10

0
148

Inverse of a Matrix: Suppose A is an n x n matrix. The inverse of A is another n x n matrix which is denoted as A-1 and satisfies the following conditions.

AA-1 = A-1A = In

Below, with an example, we illustrate the relationship between a matrix and its inverse.

Inverse_Mat1

Does every Matrix have an inverse?

There are two ways to determine of square matrix has an inverse:

  1. For any given matrix with dimensions equal to n*n, if Rank of Matrix is not less than n then matrix has inverse. In other words, Rank of the square matrix must be equal to its dimension
  2. Non-Zero Determinant. If determinant of a square matrix is non zero then inverse of a matrix exits

How to Calculate Inverse of a Matrix: Let us suppose we have a matrix a given below.

Inverse_Mat2

Just do as mentionedswap the positions of a and d, put negatives in front of b and c and divide everything by the determinant i.e. (ad-bc).

Inverse_Mat3

A square matrix that has an inverse is said to be non-singular or invertible; a square matrix that does not have an inverse is said to be singular.

LEAVE A REPLY

Please enter your comment!
Please enter your name here